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Tags: Grade 3-5, plant adaptations, anytime, outside, inside, all seasons, fall, spring, winter, summer

Time : 30-40 minutes 


Greeting and Review
  • Meet in your regular spot
  • Review last week’s lesson and/or review garden class expectations
Main Lesson 
  • Plant Adaptations  
Activity 1 
  • Define Plant Adaptations – As a whole group meet in the classroom or outside in an area where all students can see and hear.
  • Materials Needed: adaptation pictures or physical examples of plants with adaptations (Venus flytrap, cactus, different leaves from various trees/plants,  )
Activity 2 
  • Give students 15 minutes to walk around the garden and identify and record plants and their adaptations
  • Come back together and have students share their findings
  • Materials Needed: plant adaptations recording sheet, pencils
  • None  
  • Line class up in their regular spot
External References Native and Adapted Plants for Central Texas
Worksheets Plant Adaptations Recording Sheet

ACTIVITY 1: Define Plant Adaptation

  1. Gather together where everyone can see and hear. 
  2. Ask, “What are the 5 basic needs of plants?” What they need to survive. (water, air, sun, soil/nutrients, space)
  3. Explain that sometimes it is hard for plants to meet their needs in their environment if they are not native to the region. Define native and non-native plants.  Therefore they adapt to meet their needs. Native plants will already have these adaptations in place.   
  4. Ask “Can anyone think of a plant adaptation?” 
  5. Show pictures of plant adaptations and discuss.
  6. Adaptations of Texas Plants –  Our native plants are adapted to handle Texas soil and weather. In Central Texas, we have:  Alkaline soil, heavy clay to thin caliche soil, hot summers (Death Star), cold winters drought, and flash floods.
  7. Leaf Adaptations – talk about how leaves play a big role in a plant and have adaptations that help a plant meet its needs.  

ACTIVITY 2 : Find plants in the garden

  • Move – Have students work in pairs and go around the garden to identify adaptations in the garden using the adaptations sheet found here Plant Adaptations Recording Sheet.
  • Come together– after 15 minutes come back together and share findings


  1. Have students make up their own plant with an adaptation. 
  2. Make a wanted poster for a plant in our garden with a certain adaptation.



Click to access TCMGNativeandAdapted-09-13-16.pdf

Worksheet Links

Plant Adaptations Recording Sheet

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